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Frequency of Calcific Aortic Stenosis in Tertiary Care Hospital of Karachi

Background: Calcific aortic stenosis (AS) has become one of the most frequent types of Valvular Heart Disease (VHD) among elderly patients. Prevalence of aortic valve disease (AVD) increases with age and the incidence of calcific AS are on the rise as the general age of the population increases. Objectives: This study was conducted to find out the frequency of calcific AS in patients of tertiary care hospital. Methods: The cross sectional study was carried out in National Institute of Cardiovascular Disease (NICVD) during the period of January to December 2012 after institute approval. A total of 50 echocardiographically diagnosed elderly patients of calcific AS were included from OPD and echocardiography department. All patients were evaluated for clinical features, ECG, echocardiographic findings and outcome were noted and analyzed by using software SPSS version 21. Results: In our study we found 62% male and 38% female. The mean age was 67.12 years ± 5.08 with the range of 60 to 85 years. On echocardiography, out of 50 AS selected patients 18% had mild AS, 22% had moderate AS, and 60% had severe AS. One bicuspid aortic valve has been found. Conclusion: In elderly calcific AS constitutes a significant health problem. As the age advances it is an important cause of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity.


Erum Afaq, Muhammad Kashif Nisar and Sultana Habib

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