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Knowledge of People about the Tuberculosis Infection in the Health Center in Baghdad

Background: Tuberculosis is the second-most common cause of death from infectious disease (after those due to HIV/AIDS). Aim: To identify the knowledge of people about TB disease in the health center and to find out any relationships between demographic characteristic and knowledge of people. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at one of the health centers of Baghdad Health Department in Al-Rusafa in the Sheikh Omar area for the period from January to 2018. The sample size was 150 people who reviewed the center for treatment and diagnosis. This health center is a public center that provides services for women, children and the elderly. It also has a special section for men. Samples were collected through a preprepared questionnaire containing demographic information and the interview was conducted directly with the auditor. The data analysis through descriptive (frequency, percent, p-value). Results: The highest percentage of the participants 107/150 (71.3%) still in the age groups 20-24 years, the female cases 79/150 (52.7%) were higher more than the male cases 71/150 (47.3%). The distribution of the visitors to the sections of the center, the highest percentage were 42/150 (28%) of the vaccine room followed by the physician room 34/150 (22.7%). Conclusion: We conclude that the highly significant relationship have been found between the department of the center and overall knowledge assessments p=0.004. Not significant relationship has been found between the age groups, gender, marital status, monthly income and overall knowledge assessments at the p=0.145, p=0.750, p=0.073, p=0.777. Recommendation: Educational programs should be carried out to create awareness among the at-risk groups.


Ridhaa Mohammed Hasan Al-Saadawi and Abeer Gatea

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