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Phenomenology of Anger Expression in Children within Pakistani Cultural Context

Objectives: The present qualitative study aimed to explore the phenomenology of anger expression in children within Pakistani cultural context. Understanding of one’s behavior without social, cultural and situational context would muddle up the meaning. To understand child anger within their perspective was an important objective of the present study.

Design: Qualitative research design was followed and it was an exploratory study situated within constructive paradigm and analyses was done with the help of Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA).

Duration and place of study: It took 3 months to complete the collection, synthesis and analysis of data. Sample was drawn from two private schools of Lahore, Pakistan.

Subject and method: In depth individual interviews were carried out with ten children including six boys and four girls with age range of 9 to 13 years. Responses were recorded and later transcribed into Urdu verbatim. Peer review, clarifying researcher bias and rich thick description were applied as verification method.

Results: Three major themes emerged that were physical expression, verbal expression and cognitive expression of anger. Subthemes were also explained the phenomenon in detail. Recommendations were made for clinicians, parents and educators to understand childhood expression of anger.


Saima Majeed, Farah Malikda

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