Objective: To assess the practice of road safety measures among Kenyatta University (KU) and United States International University (USIU) students in Nairobi County. Design: A cross-sectional descriptive study. Setting: Nairobi County, Kenya. Subjects: Four hundred and twenty-nine (429) undergraduate students aged between 18 to 45 years. Results: Among the 429 sampled students, 299 (69.7%) respondents displayed good practice of road safety measures. This study further revealed that residence, course undertaking and University attending were found to be significant with practice of road safety; χ² (1)=11.078, p=0.001, χ² (1)=9.207, p=0.002 and χ² (1)=15.529, p=0.001 respectively. Conclusion: Good practice of road safety measures was displayed by most of the participants with slightly above average score, and there was significant difference in practice of road safety measures among the two universities. Place of residence, course undertaking and university attending were socio-demographic variables with significant influence on practice of road safety while gender, religion and car ownership were not significant with practice of road safety among the study participants. Despite good practice of road safety measures, the participants scored slightly above average, meaning there is still room for improvement. Therefore the study recommends introduction of mandatory road safety education in all learning institutions by the Ministry of Education (MoE) in conjunction with National Transport and Safety Authority (NTSA) through development of a responsive road safety curriculum for each category of education. This is reinforced by UNESCO report of 2006 that noted disaster, including road traffic accidents begins in schools, hence the remedy of tackling disasters must begin in schools.
Chavaregi Hage, Akunga DN and Mogere SN