Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an important medical and public health issue world widely. The incidence has been exponentially increased in Malaysia. Evidence revealed that diabetics are more prone to infections than non-diabetic patients. UTI is one of the infections that occur more frequently among DM patients. UTIs are considered as complicated and carry worst outcome when it occurs in DM patients. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the prevalence of UTI among DM patients and association of glycaemic control with UTIs. Methodology: The targeted population was DM patients in a tertiary hospital in Malaysia. A total of 348 DM patients, comprising of 184 (52.9%) females and 164 (47.1%) males were randomly selected as subjects for this study. This study was carried out using a purpose-developed data collection form to collect information about the patient’s demographic characteristics, medication prescribed for DM, comorbidities, glycaemic control status, occurrence and type of UTI. Results: The prevalence of UTI among DM patients was 40.2%. Furthermore, the prevalence among females was higher than males and UTIs were significantly associated (p<0.05) with poorly controlled glycaemia. Regarding the type of UTIs, cystitis was the most prevalent UTI.
Mehr Ali Shah, Yaman Walid Kassab, Muhammad Farooq Anwar, Hiba Khaled Al dahoul, Shashidharan Menon, H Jaasminerjiit Kaur, Misbah Ifzaal, Fares MS Muthanna and Wael Mahmoud Searan