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Major Approaches on the CAD/CAM System in Prosthodontics and Implants: A Review

Bruno Afonso Cortez Martinez1, Idiberto Jose Zotarelli Filho1,2 and Livia Helena de Araujo Castro Nunes3

1University Center North Paulista (UNORP), Sao Jose do Rio Preto-SP, Brazil

2Post Graduate and Continuing Education (UNIPOS), Street Ipiranga, 3460, Sao Jose do Rio Preto, SP, 15020-040, Brazil

3Department of Dentistry, University CEUMA, Sao Luis, Maranhao, Brazil

*Corresponding Author:
Idiberto Jose Zotarelli Filho, MSc, Ph.D
UNIPOS - Post Graduate and Continuing Education
Street Ipiranga, 3460, Sao Jose do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil
Tel: +55(17) 98166-6537
E-mail:m.zotarelli@gmail.com

Received date: 02 July 2019 Accepted date: 15 July 2019 Published date: 22 July 2019

Citation: Martinez BAC, Filho IJZ, Nunes LHDAC (2019) Major Approaches on the CAD/CAM System in Prosthodontics and Implants: A Review. Health Sci J Vol.13.No.3:661. DOI: 10.36648/1791-809X.1000661

 
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Abstract

Introduction: Since 1980s, the use of CAD/CAM (Computer Aided Design/Computer Aided Manufacturing) systems in dentistry came into force. The CAD/CAM system was introduced in dentistry with the purpose of promoting the manufacture of prostheses based on the last generation three-dimensional system. Objective: The present work aimed to present the main benefits of the CAD/CAM system for the creation of dental prostheses, making historical research and its relevance in contemporary dentistry. Methods: Experimental and clinical studies were included (case reports, retrospective, prospective and randomized trials) with qualitative and / or quantitative analysis. The words were included Dental implants, Dental Prostheses and CAD/CAM system. Conclusion: The use of digital tools for the automated manufacturing of implant and prosthesis parts (CAD/CAM system) is a viable reality in dentistry. This system produces high-quality, standardized, accurate prosthetic restorations with perfect detail.

Keywords

Dental implant; CAD/CAM system; Dental prosthesis; Clinical research

Introduction

Since 1980s, the use of CAD/CAM (Computer Aided Design/ Computer Aided Manufacturing) systems in dentistry came into force. The CAD/CAM system was introduced in dentistry with the purpose of promoting the manufacture of prostheses based on the last generation three-dimensional system [1]. Where the search for aesthetic solutions has been increasingly challenging, given the patient's demand and the growing number of techniques and materials available for protective rehabilitation [2]. It aims at the resistance of the material being the primary factor to determine the indication of the technique as well as the preservation of rehabilitation over time and the need for movements that lead to the possibility of performing rehabilitations of larger extensions [1,2].

The CAD/CAM system consists of the intraoral scanner or the plaster model such as CAD, while the CAM is the milling machine, that is, the design of a prosthetic structure in a computer followed by its milling machine [3,4]. Several ceramic systems are available in the market; making professionals in the area require constant recycling according to their properties and indications [5]. Most used are, ceramic are the main alternative restorative material for dental structure due to its favorable properties, such as: compressive strength, thermal conductivity, similarity to dental tissues, radiopacity, marginal integrity and color stability [5,6].

As a literary support, one study evaluated 22 patients and 79 implants. The mean follow-up was 38.4 ± 13.2 months. There were no cases of intraoperative sinus membrane perforation or other complications, and patients reported a high degree of satisfaction. At the end of the follow-up, all prostheses and implants were successful. The elevation of the sinus of the low window appears to be an effective technique to reduce the risk of sinus membrane perforation and postoperative discomfort of the patient in the enlargement of the lateral sinus [1].

One of the main objectives of this technology is the simplification and optimization in the production of prosthetic structures, aiming at the production of structures with high quality and aesthetics, in a personalized and planned way with digital precision [3-6]. With the advancement of technology and dental innovations, perfecting digital printing systems, we need to know if these systems a