Breeding and Resting Behaviour of Aedes aegypti in Indoor and Outdoor Environment in Kassala City, Sudan 2014/2015

In various countries the Aedes mosquito is a known vector of dengue and other viruses' disease, but its ecology and role in disease transmission in Kassala, Sudan has not been studied yet. Here, we report on an investigation of seasonal density of potential artificial breeding habitats of A. aegypti in Kassala City. Immature Aedes aegypti were collected from various water holding containers during two years 2014/2015 in the three seasons indoor and outdoor of 20 houses in each of 20 clusters. The results revealed that some clusters were found with high density of immature A. aegypti while other clusters recorded no developmental stages. A. aegypti preferred breeding sites in clay-pots than other containers. Mouth aspirator was found the best method of collection of adult A. aegypti. The breeding site during all seasons was the highest in autumn season. Vector control efforts should focus on source reduction of water storage containers, particularly clay-pots, and it is important to create awareness among people in Kassala City to prevent mosquitoes from breeding in water containers.


Rbab Mohammed Hajhamed Ahmed, Shawgi Mohamed Hassan and Khalid Abdallah Mohammed Enan

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