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Family Support and Coping Mechanism in Congestive Heart Failure Patient

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) requires long-term care, which can affect the psychological aspects of the patient. In carrying out long treatments patients need adaptive coping mechanisms to maintain positive psychological aspects. One factor that can maintain adaptive coping mechanisms is with family support. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of family support to coping mechanisms in CHF patients. This research is a kind of descriptive research with cross sectional design. The sample in this study was 80 respondents, who was determined by purposive sampling technique. The results showed that the majority of CHF respondents aged 56-65 (77.5%), male sex 63.5%, long suffered 1-5 years 60.5%, had family support 77.5%, and adaptive coping mechanism 69%. Respondents who have family support and have adaptive coping mechanisms are 87% respondents. Chi-square test results indicate that there is a relationship of family support to coping mechanisms in CHF patients (p value 0.002), and family support will have the opportunity 12 times to achieve adaptive coping mechanisms. Family support can improve the coping mechanism of CHF patients because family support acts as a source of coping, so patients have coping mechanisms that are adaptive to deal with the disease and undergo the treatment process. The results of the study recommend the importance of family support in the form of informational, emotional, instrumental, and assessment support for CHF patients in order to achieve adaptive coping mechanisms. Further researchers are expected to conduct more specific research related to family support.


Felicia Risca Ryandini

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