The aim of this article is to improve the understanding of pharmacology and procedures for the control of pain and anxiety in endodontic treatment. The methodology was performed through an epidemiological survey in the main research databases and some articles with high impact factor were selected for a systematic review of the management of pain and anxiety in endodontic treatments. A scan was performed in PubMed, Scielo and Capes e were found 30 articles related to the theme, 5 with bias inadequate to research and 7 with impact factor or which are much below average. These 12 articles were excluded from the review process, leaving 18 articles that were used as basis for this study. As a result, it is understood that the etiology of pain felt by the patient will help the dentist determine when to do an action. Proper management helps the patient, reducing fear and pain and consequently decreasing the number of infections and inflammations. It is then concluded that the treatment plan includes pain control before, during and after and it is crucial to determine the drug effects that will be recommended for patients.
LACERDA Jamille Passos, PARAGUASSU Eber Coelho, RAMOS Paulo Fabricio, GUIMARÃES NETO Ulisses Gomes, GOMES Carlos Eduardo Vieira and FIGUEIRA Karina da Silva