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The prevalence of daytime sleepiness in greek adolescents in primary care

Background: The daytime sleepiness has emerged as one of the most important public health issues. The daytime sleepiness has adverse effects on health status, quality of life, work capacity and work performance, accompanied by other symptoms such as apnea, depression and metabolic abnormalities. In conjunction with snoring is the most common syndrome of obstructive sleep apnea. Aim: The aim of the present study was to identify the prevalence of subjective daytime sleepiness in a sample of students of Technological Educational Institute of Crete. Material and Method: The sample consisted of 407 students. All subjects were 18-22 aged. Sleepiness was quantified using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) which apart from the demographic data, it included 8 questions concerning the daytime sleepiness that constitute situations during the day. Somatometric measurements (height, weight and waist circumference) and arterial blood pressure were carried out. BMI was calculated as the body weight divided by the square of height (expressed in kg/m2). BMI of 30 or more is generally considered obesesity. Also, It was calculated the body mass index and were apprised parameters that concern the heredity and the habit of smoking. The data analysis was performed using the statistical programme IBM SPSS 19.0. Results: The prevalence of subjective daytime sleepiness was found in 0.2% or just one person from the 407 persons that inclued in the study. The total score of the ESS has a positive significant correlation with Body Mass Index (r = 0,121, p

Author(s): Kleisiaris Christos

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