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Abstract

The theory of «in-focus care», rgk

The general framework of the conceptual model of this theory is, according to Kurt Lewin, «from the whole to one». It is an approach, at which, although the individual is treated as an entirety, there is a certain problem that proceeds in imperativeness and troubles the person, and may lead to a difficult situation. If the main-dominant problem is not resolved, the individual is in constant anxiety and as a result, the holistic care becomes almost impossible. Only when, the intensely apparent problem is directly resolved, according to the theory of Logical-mathematic Learning of Piaget, the anxiety is reduced and the communication as well as the co-operation of the patient enters a higher level. This is achieved by « in- focus care », wherein the scientist-nurse, after he/she has assessed the «the part of the whole» (that is to say the main-dominant problem) focuses on the direct encounter of the certain problem (RGK). Furthermore, the scientist-nurse incorporates in this in-focus framework of care, concrete decisions which are mainly based on a chosen abstractive plan of action (which consists of three stages), not only by simply interpreting scientific data, but also by changing the data, according to each case. In particular, it could be said that, the developing theory is consisted of three phases and aims to treat the patient not only in a holistic nursing framework, but also to focus on the main-dominant problem.


Author(s): Roupa Zoe

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